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Sanitation Improvement and Social Enterprise in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (2014-2016)

In Dar es Salaam DSM, Tanzania, around 80% of the population lack of improved sanitation and water services. These people live mainly in informal settlements and lack of resources to improve their living conditions. The project aims to improve the social wellbeing of the population living in informal settlements by ensuring universal access to improved sanitation and water services. In addition, the project intends to increase economic growth and ensures sustainability by promoting the creation of a sustainable community based enterprise.

In Keko Machungwa, an informal settlement in DSM, there is a group of mostly women from the Federation of Urban Poor called PHAST Ujenzi, PU, who has started activities to address sanitation issues, together with a local NGO, Center for Community Initiatives. However, these women have faced many challenges due to the lack of funds and the lack of further knowledge and skills on sanitation.

Through this project, PU will be trained on all topics related with dry sanitation (DT) and they will be empowered so that they can create and run a social enterprise that will provide sanitation services (training and construction of facilities). Dry sanitation will be strongly encouraged because of all the advantages that this system offers: no need of complex infrastructure, easy to maintain, ecological, appropriate for places with high water tables (this is the case in DSM), opportunity to use waste as fertilizer. Water harvesting is encouraged and integrated to tackle the issue of water shortage. The social enterprise will also commercialize urine and compost as fertilizers, and it will sell vegetables grown by using these fertilizers. The project also contains educational events and workshops and production of written, visual, and audio material to inform people about the importance of adequate sanitation and hygiene, and about the advantages to use DT and organic fertilizers.

In the first year, PU will build DT in Keko Machungwa, which is located in Temeke municipality (subdistrict/area), second year in Vingunguti, in Ilala municipality and in the third year in Tandale, in Kinondoni municipality. By covering these three informal settlements, all municipalities of DSM are influenced, which ensures the possibility to multiply the sanitation activities in the future. Dry toilets will be built in households and in schools. Special attention will be given to accessibility, in order to avoid exclusion of any marginal group.

Project is implemented in cooperation with Global Dry Toilet Association of Finland and students from Aalto-University. Check out the video of the project!

Do you want to support the project? The donations given is relieving a big need and will defenately go straight to the beneficiaries! Donate here!

More information:

Project Manager Finland: Sari Huuhtanen
e-mail: sari.huuhtanen (at)
puh: +358 45 356 4099