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Sorry, this entry is only available in suomi.

Full Papers

The scientific committee has reviewed all full papers sent to the 5th International Dry Toilet Conference. You will find the full papers in these pages divided under their topics.

Book of abstracts

The book of abstracts is available in electronic form. You can find the book of abstracts here.


The themes of discussions

1. Engaging different stakeholders in achieving sustainable dry sanitation solutions.

2. Dry sanitation as a solution in large urban areas and mass events

3. Solutions to nutrient recycling, including developed countries

4. Solutions to food security

5. Innovative cost effective solutions to dry sanitation

6. Solutions to cultural challenges and stigmatization (incl. disabilities) of dry sanitation

7. Effects and solutions of organic and un-organic residues in re-using excreta